In order to pass your test you will be required to demonstrate to your examiner that you have an understanding of basic vehicle maintenance. You will be asked two questions, and if you get one or both wrong you will receive a driving fault on your test which will contribute to your overall score. Your LDA instructor will discuss the questions with you in the lead up to your test. The questions are as follows:
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Check is carried out by pressing the horn once and checking it works.
If the steering becomes heavy, the system may not be working properly. Before starting a journey, two simple checks can be made. Gentle pressure on the steering wheel maintained while the engine is started should result in a slight but noticeable movement as the system begins to operate.
Set all relevent controls including fan, temperature, air direction/source and heated screen to clear windscreen and windows. Engine does not have to be started for this demonstration.
Operate control to wash and wipe windscreen (Turn ignition on if necessary.)
The head restraint should be adjusted so that the rigid part of the head restraint is at least as high as the eye or top of the ears and as close to the back of the head as comfortable.
Operate the switch, check the main beam warning light.
Operate switch, check warning light is on and explain that you would use them when visibility drops below 100m.
Operate switch and walk around car.
Apply the indicators or hazard warning lights. Walk around the vehicle and check that the correct lights are flashing.
Identify dipstick / oil level indicator, describe check of oil level against the minimum / maximum markers.
Identify high / low level markings on the header tank where fitted or radiator filler cap and describe how to top up to the correct level.
Identify reservoir and explain how to check level.
Identify reservoir, check level against high/low markings.
Demonstrate by applying the handbrake and when it is fully applied it secures itself and is not at the end of working travel.
Operate the brake pedal, make use of reflections or ask someone to assist you.
Brakes should not feel spongy or slack, brakes should be tested as you set off, vehicle should not pull to one side.
Warning light should illuminate if there is a fault.
Manufactures guide, use a reliable pressure gauge, check and adjust pressures when tyres are cold, do not forget the spare and remember to refit valve caps.
No cuts or bulges, 1.6mm or tread across the central 3/4 of the breadth of the tyre and around the entire outer circumference.